How To Diagnose And Treat Downer Cows?


This incorporates various things, from broken legs to a disengaged hip or nerve harm in the wake of calving.

What are the signs?

  • Cows frequently go down all of a sudden
  • Limbs frequently held in unordinary positions
  • A cow may have been bulling as of late or just calved
  • She will, for the most part, be brilliant, other than the reality she can’t get up
  • If there’s nerve harm, her tail may be incapacitated/floppy
  • She may have a loss of sensation in the appendages
  • Her back feet might be knuckled – an indication of nerve harm in the wake of calving

Lifting the bovine with a crane (see box) and controlling the appendages can be a decent method to evaluate the issue. Stir your way up every leg and control each joint – would one say one is leg shorter than the other, or is there any crunching?

Because of a bovine’s weight, auxiliary muscle and nerve harm can rapidly set in when a dairy animal goes down, paying little heed to the essential driver of her falling. Prevention of mastitis in cows can also lead to an assortment of other problems, such as troubles with reproduction.

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Inquire as to whether you have sufficient energy and offices to treat and medical attendant her enough to give her a decent shot of getting up. What are the long haul ramifications for the dairy animals? In the event that a leg is broken, for instance, putting her down may be the best alternative.

At the point when the choice is hazy, get a second conclusion from the vet.

The choice will influence treatment. Consider drug withdrawal as this will influence whether it is conceivable to get a loss butcher testament. Address your vet about the non-steroidal enemy of inflammatory (NSAIDs) with short withdrawals if so.

When nursing a bovine with injury, treatment will revolve around NSAIDs and lodging her on a profound bedstraw yard.

In the event that she has done the parts, use shackles, yet just if her back legs have gone outwards, not on the off chance that they’ve gone in reverse (in this example they won’t help).

Dairy animals with wounds not including a break or separation ought to be lifted (see box) three or four times each day to keep up great bloodstream.

Iconic Designer Chairs – Distinguishing Classics From Imitations

To define a true design classic, you really need to distinguish an original from an imitation. With an original piece, one is buying an iconic piece of design history – it will have been produced to the exact details intended by the designer, it will have been manufactured using only the finest materials available by trained and experienced craftsmen, and it will last a lifetime.

In contrast, imitation pieces are generally manufactured from lesser materials to a lower standard and will have a much shorter lifespan than its original counterpart. It may look similar but build quality, materials and intention – the heart of a piece – is lost. You can browse to know more about the Eames office chair replica.

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Cesca Side Chair by Knoll

Designed by Marcel Breuer circa 1928. The Cesca chair was a product of the influential Bauhaus school of design in the late twenties. Widely copied in the 60s and 70s, the original piece was made of tubular steel with a hand-woven cane seat and back inserts framed with satin stained wood.

Barcelona Chair by Knoll

Designed by Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe for the pavilion at the 1929 Barcelona Exposition. The design of the Barcelona was amended in 1950 by replacing the original frame with a one-piece seamless steel one. Manufactured today by Knoll, the Barcelona is one of the most recognized pieces of furniture although the original is sadly outsold by poorer quality imitation pieces.

Tulip by Knoll

Designed by Saarinen between 1955 and 1957, the Tulip is made from molded, reinforced fiberglass with a cast aluminum base and either a removable seat pad or upholstered inner shelf. Manufactured currently by Knoll, the simple, clean elegance of the Tulip chair makes it one of the most beautiful pieces ever conceived.

Model 3107 by Fritz Hansen

Created in 1955 as part of Arne Jacobsen’s Series 7 group the 3107 became synonymous with Danish modern design. Its sparse yet sensual form makes it a true classic.

Eames Lounge Chair

The lounge chair was designed by Charles and Ray Eames in the mid-fifties, originally as a one-off piece as a birthday present. It is constructed from three rosewood shells, each upholstered in black leather, and attached to an aluminum frame. Unfortunately, the copies that abound are generally of significantly poorer build quality and it isn’t uncommon for the upholstery to separate from the molded frame!

Guide to Decorating With Popular Home Furniture Accessories

The curse of too many options has long been a curse for the pickiest designers. This is true even if the goal is to decorate one’s own home, let alone someone else’s. What may help some individuals, couples, families, or designers is to know how certain popular accessory items might be displayed in a particular room.

Of course, the easiest way to learn how certain home furniture accessories would best look displayed in a room is to view pictures. It also would be very helpful to attend furniture shows or pay attention to furniture displays in popular retail stores.

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Of course, you may also be inspired by people you know who have an eye for interior design. In any case, the following pieces are some of the most popular accessories used in the home today. Please take a look at suggestion placements for each of them:

George Nelson Ball Clock: This is a very popular accessory that could be placed in almost any room. It is multi-colored so it can brighten up any bland furniture blend. It might be quite attractive in a children’s room of an appropriate age, or in a living room or guest room. Barcelona Chair Replica is a contemporary retake on a classic design which is ideal for your bedroom or office. This Barcelona Chair Replica has an angled seat that provides supreme relaxation.

Paul Andes Art Work: Depending upon availability, various paintings created by this person would like exquisite in most living rooms or parlors. They might also look divine in dining areas or libraries. They might blend well with certain contemporary or classic coffee table styles.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Barcelona Hall Bench: These are made into a variety of lengths. Often they are more suitable for business settings. However, some large estates might carefully display a smaller one of these units in an office area, or in a front vestibule area.

Eileen Gray Cocktail Table: Today this is made in the same vein as the original which was first produced in 1926. This unique piece could fit anywhere in most lounge areas. It would probably look very attractive off to the side, in between a couch and chair, or in the center of a room. The frame of it is of a high-grade still that is polished, and has the look of silver. It would match perfectly with similar glass coffee or dining table pieces.

Shower Enclosures Show Off The Style

Shower enclosures have far more to offer than being just a unit housing a showerhead to be used in the morning or evening to clean and freshen you up. These days people use them as a statement of style and they can be a reflection of just who you are and what makes you tick.

They are an indication of your tastes or lack of. Manufacturers of shower and glass enclosures are realizing this and have begun to work very closely with designers in a race to produce the most luxurious and chic shower enclosures on the market today.

The Cubicle Shower Enclosure

These are probably the most upmarket shower enclosures available in the outlets these days. As designers notice that consumers require more than a bog-standard bathroom consisting of a run of the mill bath and shower set, they have started to be innovative and creative with their cubicle shower enclosure designs.

Entertainment space pool enclosure

A modern trend is for high-tech shower enclosures with multi-function capabilities, such as shower, steam, sauna, hydro massage, a music system, and even a whirlpool.

These fantastic bits of kit will come in a variety of finishes from a minimalistic white with chrome fittings to a more traditional and homely Finnish look with wooden touches and hot coals to heat the sauna.

These shower enclosures are the peak of style and sophistication and would deliver the ultimate in your showering experience.

The Frameless Shower Enclosure

Frameless shower enclosures will appeal to the owner of sleek and shiny chrome and glass home. These are constructed by attaching the glass surrounds directly to the bathroom walls rather than being fitted into a standalone frame, this gives the enclosure a light and breezy look rather than a more bulky appearance.

The frameless shower enclosures can be fitted into the area of the room no matter how unconventional. They can also be curved to give a more unusual and innovative appearance. If the contemporary minimalist looks appeal to you then the frameless shower enclosure could be the ideal style for you.

Mezzanine Floors and Fire Protection

What is mezzanine floor fire protection and why is it necessary?

So-called ‘fire protection’ is effective insulation of the mezzanine floor steelwork to prevent it from heating up quickly in a fire. Unprotected steelwork heats up quickly and can suddenly collapse. Fire protection is specified for a certain period of time such as ‘half hour’, ‘1 hour’, ‘2 hours’ or ‘4 hours’.

The time period refers to the time that the protected elements remain structurally sound in the event of a fire. The fire protection required for different parts of buildings is specified within the Building Regulations part B.

Do mezzanine floors always need to be fire protected?

The requirement for fire protection depends upon the use, size, and extent of the mezzanine floor. Mezzanine flooring that is less than 10m x 10m in size, and occupying less than 50% of the area of the building in which it is located and which is not permanently occupied and infrequently accessed (used for storage) does not need to be fire rated.

steel mezzanine floor that is less than 20m x 20m in size, and occupying less than 50% of the area of the building in which it is located and which is not permanently occupied and infrequently accessed (used for storage) does not need to be fire rated as long as it is fitted with an appropriate fire detection and alarm system.

How is most mezzanines flooring fire protected?

The most common means of fire protecting mezzanine floors is through the use of four key elements of insulation, column casings, a suspended ceiling, bulkheads/fascias, and cavity barriers. This means of fire protecting mezzanine floors is used because of its speed of installation and low cost.

Column casings comprise a two-part sheet metal case lined with ‘Promalit’ or similar board bonded to the inside of the casing. The sheet metal case usually has a galvanized or white ‘plastisol’ finish to suit the application, but can be stainless steel or colored ‘plastisol’, and the two parts have an unobtrusive locking seam enabling them to be quickly and neatly fitted with a few taps from a rubber mallet.

Alternative means of fire protecting mezzanine floors

Sometimes aesthetic or other considerations such as positive pressure fire extinguishing systems preclude the use of suspended ceilings. Alternatives include taped, jointed and decorated plasterboard ceilings on a metal furring (MF) ceiling framework and similarly boxed in columns providing flush finishes or intumescent painting of hot-rolled columns and beams.


All the components of fire protection should be certified to provide the desired degree of protection in the application in which they are being used. For example, it is not acceptable to use any old suspended ceiling below a mezzanine floor; the ceiling tile and grid system must have certification specifically providing the required level of protection under a steel joist type mezzanine construction, which significantly restricts the range of manufacturers able to offer a suitable product.

Get advice

This general information relates to mezzanine flooring fire protection in England and is intended for guidance only. Each application needs to be assessed on its own merits.

It is always prudent to discuss your specific project with an approved inspector or building control officer prior to commencing work, a task with which your mezzanine floor contractor will be prepared to assist.

Marbles Giving an Elegant Look To Your Home

Marble is widely used by most of the homeowners as it adds elegance to the look of your home. Usually, people go for marble decoration due to the durability and availability of wide varieties and colors. Besides all this, it doesn’t need much maintenance.

With the time the desire to get a majestic touch for homes have increased which led to the popularity of Marble Medallions and Marble Fireplace Mantels and several other marble items. The only thing which needs to be considered while going for marble items is that its restoration and polishing should be done from time to time as to maintain its shine forever. You can browse for fireplace restoration.

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Designing a fireplace for your home
in previous time’s fireplace was originated from stone walls. These were cut through and thus came up with fireplace. Most people go for the stone fireplace as it is durable and are damage free. These are more in trend due to their style and fascinating look.

Besides all this, they also provide good heating atmosphere. Decorating your interiors with matching stone mantel is also considered as a good option. There are several options to go for stone mantel; some are pre-built while you can also get a customized mantel as per your wish.

Marble can surely alter the look of your living space when used in the form of a fireplace. There are several craftsmen who expertise in this work. To the interior of your home, you can complement it by using marble fireplace mantels.

Benefits of the Marble fireplace
There are several materials available in the market for fireplace mantel but among all marble is considered the best to complement the interior of your home. Some of the benefits of marble fireplace include: Marble has various color options

Finding The Right Tyre

There are many options when it comes to tyres. It is important to know the size and tread of the tyre while are you searching for new ones. Certain vehicles need certain types, not only for aesthetic reasons but for functioning reasons.

A truck could not have the tyres of a compact car or vice versa and safely travel. It is also important to think about the terrain on which the vehicle will be driving. If the vehicle travels on dirt roads or mountainous roads, tyres with thicker tread will be necessary.

This will allow the vehicle to safely drive on all the terrains. If a vehicle is driven on streets the majority of the time, these are specifically made for street driving. They provide a smoother ride and wear more evenly. You can visit for best Dunlop tyres.

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Even wear on a tyre is important to manage. Tyres should be changed in groups of four or at least two. If this is done properly and routinely, they should wear the same and will last about the same time. It can then be easier to plan ahead for repairs if the vehicle owner knows when they are about to wear out.

Companies that install tyres can provide a handy reference guide to help you remember when and which ones need replacing. By keeping this reminder in a safe place or close to your calendar, you can be assured your tyres will wear well and your vehicle will be a safe mode of transportation.

When you buy a new vehicle, it is important to notice and measure the tread on the current tyres. Some owners will not keep careful records of their specific rotations so it is a smart idea to have them professionally checked even after you purchase the vehicle. That way when you drive the vehicle, you can know it is in a safe driving condition.

Dairy Farms For Sale

Living on a dairy farm is a very rewarding lifestyle; you are out there in the country with fresh air and are able to make your living producing milk for other people.

Looking at dairy farms for sale may seem like impossible at first, but there are really thousands of dairy farms for sale all over the world.

The first thing you should check when purchasing a dairy farm is the price you are paid for the milk solids.

As this is how you make all of your profits, the farm you are looking at purchasing being profitable is the most important factor. Protrack Vantage® | LIC is a fully-automated drafting system combines the power of in-bail identification, instant event recording, and audio and visual alerts. Control drafts from a 19-inch in-dairy touch screen.

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You are usually able to find dairy farms for sale on the internet at various business real estate sites, although they are sometimes also listed on general real estate sites.

It is always good practice to go out and see the farm yourself before you purchase (even if it is overseas).

Another good idea is to ask to view the farm in action; this may even mean doing a full day’s work if it shows you how the farm specifically operates.

The dairy farm like many other farms will usually feature a main house (where you and your family will live) and often a flat or cottage where share milkers or other farm workers will live.

The price of the farm depends on many factors such as land location and amount, building on the property, animal stock, food reserves, farm equipment (milkers and machinery) and even the financial history of the farm.

After you have found dairy farms for sale you should have the financial records of the specific farm you are interested in, investigated to ensure it is actually profitable and you are not buying into losses.

Antique Victorian Chairs – The Perfect Touch For Every Room

Including antique Victorian chairs in your home decor adds elegance and style. There are many great chairs that can be purchased from modern furniture stores, but none of them can deliver the exact aesthetic that comes from an antique chair from the Victorian era.

Upholstered Victorian chairs are commonly found in auctions today, and once they are restored to reflect their original beauty they are extremely refined and elegant. You can tell immediately that they have a history behind them. They somehow exude the class and elegance that you won’t get from a modern chair. You can visit to know more about the Eames office chair replica.

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Upholstered chairs from this time period can easily sell for a hefty price on an auction, particularly if they are still in good condition. This is because they adapt so well to so many different styles of interior decorating. Many people who hire designers want that special touch that none of their neighbors have in their homes, and a good Victorian chair restored to perfection can deliver exactly what they want.

There are also some rather unusual styles of chairs that were created in the Victorian era. For instance, you can find carpet rockers that have pieces of carpeting in the seat and usually in the back as well. The carpeting pieces look a little like a magic carpet and the chairs have a very special appeal that comes from their unusual designs.

These chairs were often designed very small so they were used for children. They make unusual additions to modern homes and can easily become a focal point that guests are always asking about.

The exact style of Victorian chair that you select for your home depends largely on where you are going to place it, how much space you want to fill up, and what type of aesthetic you are going for in the overall room.

Spend some time looking into the historical relevance of Victorian-era furniture and you will fall in love with the charm of the era. This will give you some background to help you determine what style of the chair may be best for your home.