A microphone is also known as a mic or mike is a device or transducer that converts sound waves into electrical signals. There are different types of microphones currently available on the market, it is no surprise that even experienced engineers and musicians sometimes get confused about that mic to use when recording.
Although it's safe to say that many engineers rely on expertise when choosing the ideal mic for recording, a few choose just a mic because they have noticed others use it in a similar situation. If you use some common sense, you'll find it is easy to pick a professional recording mic that will get the best outcomes for you.
There are many things to consider prior to making a selection.
Choose a microphone that complements the apparatus you are recording. Of all the ideas for mic choice, this is the largest. For example, in case you have an application or an amplifier that has an extremely pointed top end (meaning it is a little brighter, like a banjo for example), you cannot opt for a mic. Frequencies will be highlighted even more. Rather, choose a mic that's somewhat more mellow, like a ribbon. That is 1 reason why a ribbon microphone on brass functions so nicely.
Is your microphone made to be utilized in"free-field" or even"diffuse-field"? Free-field signifies what the mic hears when the audio source (instrument) is primarily pointed in that direction. A good illustration of a free-field mic would be a directional mic comprising the Shure SM-57 with a cardio-type pattern.
Diffuse-field signifies that reflections play a massive part in listening to the microphone because it is more than that which Mike has clarified. Mixes made for free area use have an extremely flat frequency response at high frequencies and can result in being kept away from the noise source (like 10 ft and so forth).